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4. Storage of feeds

Feeds should be made up as required, but when travelling or going out for the day, this isn’t always possible.

4. Vitamins and minerals

Obtaining the optimal levels of important vitamins and minerals is essential to an infant’s growth and development, including vitamins A, C, D and E, iron, calcium and zinc.

4. Why some mums don't breastfeed

Unfortunately, some mums cannot – or choose not to – breastfeed for a variety of reasons.

5. Ask the experts

Feeding equipment throws up a whole raft of queries and potential problems. Here’s what the experts advise for some of the more common questions.

5. Ask the experts

Health visitors and community practitioners are asked for advice on a wide range of infant feeding topics. So how do the experts suggest you respond to these common queries?

5. Breastfeeding problems

The success of breastfeeding often lies in how the baby latches on to the mother’s breast. Unfortunately, this doesn’t always happen and breastfeeding problems can occur.

5. Lactose intolerance

Food allergies and food intolerances are not the same and it is essential to understand how to distinguish between the two conditions.

5. Milk from 6 months

From six months of age, infant formula milk or breast milk takes a complementary role in an infant’s diet. Full fat cows’ milk should not be given to babies as a main drink until they are 12 months of age.

6. Breastfeeding in the workplace

Breastfeeding should not prevent a woman from returning to work, and there are no legal restrictions or time limits on breastfeeding in the workplace.

6. Cows' milk allergy

Cows’ milk allergy, also known as cows’ milk protein allergy, is the most common food allergy in infants and is more frequently seen in formula-fed than breastfed babies.

6. Milk from 12 months

From 12 months onwards, toddlers are walking, talking and interacting. As they start to eat family meals, it’s easy to assume that their dietary requirements are simply those of ‘mini adults’. This is not the case.

6. Training & CPD

The following practice points and questions can be used to enhance your understanding of this chapter.

6. Training & CPD

The following practice points and questions can be used to enhance your knowledge of this section.

7. Ask the experts

At six months old, babies’ diets change to become less reliant on milk. So how do the experts advise health visitors and community practitioners help parents at this transitional phase?

7. Combination feeding

Some parents may wish to feed their baby using a combination of breastfeeding and bottle feeding – using either expressed breast milk or infant formula milk.

7. Infant eczema

When discussing infant formula milks, you may not automatically think of atopic eczema. Yet intact cows’ milk protein can increase the risk of eczema in babies with a family history of allergy

8. Ask the experts

Breastfeeding is a complex and emotional subject and many mums will seek advice from their health visitor, midwife, GP or local pharmacy. So what answers do the infant feeding experts have for some of the common questions?

8. Faltering growth

Most babies lose weight after birth and then start regaining it at around two weeks of age. However, faltering growth (or failure to thrive) is when a baby does not gain weight at the expected rate.

8. Training & CPD

The following practice points and questions can be used to enhance your knowledge of this section.

9. Key ingredients of milks

The following ingredients are present in both breast and infant formula milks to ensure babies get all the nutrients they need to thrive.
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