The majority of baby feeding bottles hold around 260ml (9oz), although smaller bottles are available (up to 125ml/4oz), which are more suitable for newborns as they only drink small amounts. Bottles are available in standard, wide and super-wide neck widths.
Anti-colic bottles have air vents, tubes or collapsible bags to prevent the build up of a vacuum inside the bottle during feeding. Disposable bottles are sterile, but single-use only. They can be a handy option when out and about.
Bottle teats can be wide, flat or shaped to mimic a mother’s nipple when in the baby’s mouth. In addition, there are specialist teats, including:
There is no evidence to suggest that one teat shape is better than another – the choice is down to the baby’s preference.
The flow rate is determined by the hole(s) in the top of the teat:
Parents should check that the milk comes out of the bottle at the right speed for their baby.
Disposable bottles are sterile, but single-use only. They can be a handy option when out and about
If the hole is too big, the milk will come out too quickly. Gulping milk can lead to choking and difficulty feeding.
If the hole is too small, the baby will have to work very hard and may become tired, irritable, full of wind and hungry.
Teats do wear out over time, so they should be checked regularly for wear and tear and replaced as necessary.
Silicone teats are more durable, but latex teats are softer. Obviously, they are not suitable for babies with a latex allergy.
N.B. Some teats have multiple holes rather than just one large or small hole.
There are three different types of breast pump available:
Manual – the suction cup is placed over the nipple and the pump manually squeezed to extract milk. These pumps are inexpensive to buy and cost nothing to run. They are easy to use, quiet and put the mum in complete control during use. However, some mums find it hard to maintain suction while holding and pumping, and find that their hand can begin to ache
Battery-operated – these are easy to use as the machine does the hard work of extracting the milk. However, they can be costly because mums need to replace the batteries frequently and the pump doesn’t work as well when batteries are running low
Electric – these are easy to use, quick and have a constant power supply, which makes them good for mums who are expressing frequently. However, they can be quite noisy, depending on the model, and are the most expensive to buy.
To help mums decide which type of pump is right for them, ask them how often they are going to be expressing milk and what their budget is.
Breast pumps can be hired so that mums can try them out before buying their own. Suggest they contact the National Childbirth Trust or the postnatal ward at their local hospital.